Maya Tutorials: Production Process of 3D Artwork Batman(2)
When making the armor model, it needs to pay attention to some places. Adding two more lines at the edge, especially the corner, so that after smoothing, it will achieve a better final effect.
The heads of the characters are all done in ZBrush, which can sculpt out tiny details. Its delicate brush can easily shape skin details such as wrinkles, hair strands, pimples, freckles, etc., including the bump models and textures of these tiny details. ZBrush can not only easily model the shapes and textures of various creatures, but also export these complex details into Displacement and normal maps. There is a principle to follow when carving objects: from simple to complex, from whole to part.
When drawing with a brush, I use move brushes, standard brushes and clay brushes. The move brush is used to adjust the overall head shape, the standard brush is used to adjust the shape of the facial muscles, and the clay brush is used to shape large areas. I prefer to use the Layers function in ZBrush when drawing the model. It can record the details of the painting very well. When you change the details of a certain layer of skin, it will not affect the details of other layers. Strength of each layer can also be adjusted according to the final effect of the model.
When sculpting a character's face, you can first sculpt it in ZBRUSH, draw the texture and then perform the rendering test. If there is any problem, you can directly adjust it in ZBRUSH. Note that when making this adjustment, you can't make too many changes, otherwise the texture may change. Because this is just a personal project, there are no restrictions on the use of textures, so in order to show more details of the skin surface, I try to use 4K textures.
I usually use Unfold3D to make the UV of the model. Its UV splitting function is easy to use and the speed is fast. However, the character models of this project are all split UVS among Maya. The face of the model uses Maya's Cylindrical Mapping tool. Cylindrical Mapping is convenient for creating UVs on the faces of the characters.
Texturing and rendering
In terms of the texture of Batman's armor, I want to be more modern, so I didn't make the pictures very old, and there was almost no hand-painted texture. The main reason was to modify some realistic materials. The hair is made using Maya’s Shave plug-in. In order to make the hair fuller, I added several layers of hair, because a layer of hair is difficult to cover everything, like a hairdresser, slowly comb until you are satisfied with the effect.
The lighting is a combination of global light and three-point light source
The three-point light sources include the main light, auxiliary light, and backlight. I mostly use area light and parallel light for lighting. The basic method is that the brightness of the main light is 3 to 5 times that of the auxiliary light, and it slowly transitions from warm light to cold light.
The rendered image was completed in Photoshop. The visual effects of the snow were done with Maya particles, and the motion blur was turned on for more realism.
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