Creation Analysis: Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene(1)


In this case, we show the use of 3ds Max to create 2D animated movie-style scenes and will focus on explaining the Makoto Shinkai-style picture performance. From his animation works, we can feel a strong personal style, exquisite light, and shadow applications, strong light and dark contrast and gorgeous colors are the biggest features of his works, these features make his works look more real. Reference material from Makoto Shinkai’s animated film "Koto no ha no niwa".

Some pictures material comes from the 2D animated film "Koto no ha no niwa", and some screenshots are found for reference.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 2

The whole idea:

  1. Composition layout and lighting test
  2. Material adjustment and rendering settings
  3. Use of channels
  4. Color comparison and synthesis

Composition layout and lighting test

It is very important to make scene lights in this style, often in small details, such as the bright and dark junction of very bright objects, reflections in small details, the color gradient of objects under the influence of light, and the objects interspersing and blocking, the resulting changes in light are all things we need to pay attention to. Every time I watch an animation, I am always moved by these nuances. The models used in this tutorial are very simple. When doing interior scenes, it is often to build a simple BOX first and modify the approximate shape to test the lights to see if they meet the expectations. But when making, it is better to have an imaginary picture first, so that you can judge whether you have achieved the desired effect when you are done, but you must know what kind of effect you want before you do it.

This is a scene from the animated movie "Koto no ha no niwa", which is real in Shinjuku Gyoen Park, Japan. What I want to do now is to make the 2D animation feel with 3D. First, use a simple model to determine the main pavilion. And the location of the surrounding trees, place the camera, as the picture shows:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 3

Then we can see through the original animation that the light is shining from the bottom left corner.

Here, a standard target parallel light is used as the main light source. The angle of light and the attenuation range of the illuminated area are adjusted. The shadow length and direction of the trees are observed and adjusted to a suitable position. Adjust the UVW in the shadow parameters to blur the tree projection to make it unreal.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 4 Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 4 Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 5

Open the environment and effects panel, add a VRaySky map to the environment map, drag it to the material panel by example, check the first column, pick the target parallel light in the scene, and set the map light intensity to 0.03. You will get a sky environment that matches the scene lighting, making the rendering more realistic.

A high light and dark contrast picture is needed here, so no ambient light is used in this scene. In addition, a VRayLight was created in the direction of the light to simulate a small range of strong sunlight. It can produce more intense light and shade. The parameter settings are the shape of the light is spherical, the intensity is 200, the color is warm, and the light is not visible.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 6

Open GI and test the lighting effect, as follows:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 7

After the lights are almost well, we start to refine the scene, and finally, it looks like this:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 8

In order to simulate the feeling of the rainy season in the original animation, I used the 3ds Max particle system to simulate some raindrops, created a standard particle flow source, and added a random rotation to make the raindrops have some random changes.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 9

I also used the MultiScatter plugin to plant some grass.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 10

Material adjustment and rendering settings

In terms of materials, I will focus on the material of the pavilion and the surface of the water. The material of the pavilion must be rendered wet and wet. Because the scene is rainy, I chose mirror high reflection on the material. I did not check Fresnel. The top will be completely reflected in the surrounding trees, plus the projection of the tree occlusion to get a similar effect.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 11

The water surface did not make it reflect the sky and clouds like the original painting, but chose a green that matches the scene, as shown in the following figure:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 12

The material of water is as follows:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 13

Next, we can adjust the rendering parameters. Anti-aliasing uses Catmull-Rom with a certain sharpening effect, which can make the details of the trees richer. Turn on the reflection environment. A VRayHDRI map is added to the reflection environment. The exposure selection is the last one. The term Reinhard mixed exposure is similar to the combination of exponential exposure and linear exposure. Set the blend value to 0.7.

VRayHDRI is displayed as a sphere with an intensity of 4.

Using the VRayHDRI map can increase the reflection details of some scenes. Turn on the GI and use the Irradiance Map for the first bounce. The first bounce is the first global light calculation for the direct light. The second bounce uses the Light Cache. Actual calculation, turn on display calculation phase. As the picture shows:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 14

Open the rollout of the light cache, set the light subdivision to 1500, and check the options in the figure.

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 15

The rendering effect is as follows:

Creation Analysis Using 3D to Make 2D Style Scene 16

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3D Tutorial: Noctis Lucis Caelum(1)
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