The Essential Thinking Of Roughness And Anisotropy (4)
In the article “The Essential Thinking Of Roughness And Anisotropy (3)”, we have understood that the essence of roughness is bump. Then we finally have to start the theme of our issue - use roughness to restore the bump effect of the ring scratches.
Using a rendered flowmap image, use this map to perform a series of node transformations, and finally insert an anisotropy rotation channel to make the anisotropic highlights rotate for the purpose.
In fact, the essence of the flowmap is the position of the plane coordinates, and the value of XY is recorded in the red and green channels. Converting to an anisotropy rotation map is to calculate an angle by the position of a point, and use this angle to control the rotation.
The core is to use a function called atan2 (some tools have this, such as Arnold and infrastructure designer, some tools are not, such as V-ray and redshift)
When attempting to render this effect using a non-Arnold renderer, the conversion of the flowmap to the anisotropy rotation map cannot be achieved due to the lack of mathematical tools. So I tried to use Substance Designer as an intermediate software for conversion.
The following is a screenshot of the node in the pixel process in SD. The main function is to convert the flowmap into an anisotropy rotation map.
The result of the conversion is this, it can be seen that the black and white scratches (and some of the scratches are negative, so the whole picture looks very dark):
Finally, use the anisotropy rotation map generated in this SD directly, you can also render the effect we want.
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