3D Tutorial: Noctis Lucis Caelum(2)

3D Tutorial Noctis Lucis Caelum -9

Continue to the 3D Tutorial: Noctis Lucis Caelum(1), your TPN-Accredited cloud render farm, Fox Renderfarm still shares with you the tutorial.

Grooming

After the UV is completed, the next step is to make the hair. The hair production in this project uses Hair Farm, which can easily simulate a large number of hair effects in 3ds Max.

Perform rough modeling according to the hairstyle in the sketch, and then adjust the shape of the hair through the modifier.

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Create a rough model first, then adjust the shape.

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Rendering test,

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Then use 3ds Max's default hair and fur to make some short hairs.

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Final render,

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Texturing

Next is the processing of the background props of the character. The texturing is drawn using Substance Design, and 3 textures of AO, CURVITY, and Normal are baked.

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In Substance Painter, the 3 textures were used for processing.

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Output:

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The material of the leather jacket,

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Skin texture

The skin texture is processed in Mudbox. Firstly, projection maps are used, and some high-quality real-life skin scan materials are used to make bump maps.

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On the basis of some materials, a better projection material was obtained by modifying the highlights and shadows and then imported into Mudbox for projection.

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The displacement map was baked in ZBrush.

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All materials include an Overal Color map, Base specular map, Oil specular map, Scatter color map, Sub-Surface-Scattering, Bump map, Displacement map.

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Displacement Map

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Lighting settings

The rendering is done by V-Ray. The basic light is composed of three-point light sources, covering a key light, a fill light, a rim light, but you need to pay attention to the color. For example, if you want white clothes to look textured, the auxiliary lighting needs to be a little blue.

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The environment uses the following HDR.

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Final render and compositing

The scene and the characters are rendered separately and finally composited in PS.

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Finally, I added some halo and motion blur to the scenes, adjusted the contrast and color, and darkened the background, and brightened the upper left corner.

When adjusting the color, you should pay attention to integrity. Many of these aspects are related to art theory and basic knowledge. This needs to be accumulated gradually in daily learning.

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72 Tips And Technical For V-Ray in 3ds Max That You Should Know
72 Tips And Technical For V-Ray in 3ds Max That You Should Know
In writting this article, the leading cloud rendering service provider and the best render farm, Fox Renderfarm wants to share some tips in the rendering process for V-Ray in 3ds Max, which can save rendering time and improve rendering speed. 1. Try to limit the number of Ploygons, the less the faster rendering speed. 2. If you use V-Ray, use Proxy instead of the high-surface model. 3. When making shadows, subdivisions are best not to be too high. 4. Remove unwanted objects from the scene. 5. If the model is very small on the output screen, the texture resolution should not be too high. 6. Avoid excessive use of glossiness and highlights. You can achieve approximate results with simple diffuse, bump and reflection (0.95 ~ 0.75). Also try not to use Archshaders. 7. Use the high number of models near the camera or the main visual range. 8. When V-Ray is used in outdoor scenes, the built-in direct light (such as the sun made by yourself) and V-Ray's ambient light are much faster than V-Raysun and sky. You only need to adjust the color to achieve V-Raysun and sky effects. 9. Understand the difference between copy and instance, and the appropriate application, simple but effective. 10. Clear the undo data, especially the list of commands in the command line above, because this will eat a lot of memory. There is a need to clear, undo is not enough and it is very troublesome. 11. Regarding system resource management, turn off anti-virus software (such as norton or mcafee) when rendering, because this will slow down. 12. It is best to use textures in the details of the model. 13. Use the xref scene. 14. Optimize the model, such as using polycruncher and other plugins, MAX2010 already has ProOptimizer. 15. When making smooth surfaces (curves/meshsmoothing), note the value of iteration. 16. When using V-Ray's irradiance map, check the interpolation so that the value is the same as the reflection and refraction interpolation in the submenu. 17. Are you sure you want to use the time killer caustics effect? 18. When V-Ray renders, the first pass selection, brute force vs. irradiance map, is judged according to the case. 19. The core parameters, noisehreshold (noise threshold) and AA (AntiAlias) subdivision (anti-aliased subdivision), based on the case. 20. Fine-tune the parameters of glossy reflection and frosted materials, based on the case. 21. Use render elements to make various channel outputs. Then do the post-synthesis system, which can shorten the rendering time, such as using some common synthesis software AE, Combustion, etc. 22. Evermotion Archshaders and Archinterior/Exterior's default material settings are time killers that need to be adjusted and rendered. 23. Commonly used Irradiance and Light Cache (save to file) options, if the scene is unchanged, you can skip the calculation part, directly access the cached data graph, and the rendering speed will be faster. 25. A balance is achieved between the output screen resolution and the irradiance map setting. For example, if you are 3600pixel large image, set min/max=-4;-3 (equal to "very low" preset option), interp. samples to 25 (smooth surface). or min/max=-4;-2. 26. Before setting all the shaders, try to place the material in the Override mtl: Material button in the V-Ray: Global switches in the render dialog. Then test which parameter values are the fastest and the best. Use this method to get the optimal settings.27. Too much light will also consume rendering time. 28. When rendering the test, please use the preset parameters, the speed is faster. 29. ADAPTIVE QMC improves detail and is slower; Adaptive Subdivision makes the picture smoother and less detailed, but faster. Based on the case. 30. Please check the render region division, region sequence, etc. in Raycast Parameters.31. When using V-Ray's displacement, if 2d mapping and related settings eat a lot of memory, please limit the use area of the displacement. 32. It is recommended to use 3ds max 64 bit.33. Using the X-refs feature allows you to manipulate large, bulky external reference scenes in the main scene. 34. 3ds Max handles 9000 scenes with 10k facets more efficiently than 200000 1K facets. So attaching objects can increase execution efficiency. 35. Using mrProxy or V-RayProxy in Mental Ray or V-Ray, Proxy is designed to efficiently load models and renders. 36. Bitmap Proxies: Reduces the amount of memory consumed in the scene. 37. Data resources are concentrated in one path for management, not to be scattered around. 38. Local computer operations can avoid the damage caused by remote network traffic jams or files. Remember to do backups often. 39. 3ds Max users with a systematic organizational concept know how to use Layers, Groups and Selection sets. 40. Write MAX s to simplify heavy work and increase productivity. 41. Photoshop and post-production software (AE, Combustion) will be used, which will save a lot of rendering time. 42. Good knowledge of photography, training your own visual observation ability, you can immediately see where you need to modify and immediately stop rendering when rendering, you don't have to wait until you finish it to judge whether it is good or bad. 43. If the texture is too large, such as 3600pixel or above, please lower the AA (anti-aliasing) value, min/max=-1; 2. 44. Make sure to turn on the system multi-threading option. 45. Use a smaller size for the rendering test. 46. Area Rendering: Only test the important range, so have more time to check the Shader and adjust the results you want. 47. Try not to add Glossy (gloss, highlight) effect unless you think the effect will be good. 48. The more the number of scene model faces, the more memory is consumed. Some techniques can reduce the amount of RAM used. Adjust the Raycaster settings in the System volume column (reducing Max. levels, increasing Min. leaf size, increasing Face/level coefficient, switching Static to Dynamic) Default Geometry). 49. When rendering, using 2d displacement mapping will consume a lot of rams, especially large displacement maps. If so, you can use 3d displacement mapping. If you have multiple Displacement modifiers, but share a displacement map, And to set the same parameter value, it is best to replace the Displacement modifier with the attribute instance, that is, multiple models share a Displacement modifier. 50. Bitmap filtering: Summed area uses more RAM than Pyramidal. Summed area is only suitable for smaller textures. 51. Shadow maps obviously consume RAM, you can use raytraced V-RayShadows instead. 52. When the scene has only a simple model (no fine-grained model), you can use only the first Light Bounces. 53. Image sampler (AA anti-aliasing): V-Ray's anti-aliasing function requires a large amount of RAM to store data. The amount of memory depends on the bucket size (Rendering region division) and sampling rate (sampling rate). To reduce memory usage, you can reduce it. The bucket size and the use of different Image sampler, such as Adaptive QMC sampler memory usage is less than the Adaptive subdivision sampler. 54. Global illumination caches: Irradiance maps, photon maps and V-RaylightMtl maps all require additional memory for storage, with separate methods to control RAM. For example, the memory usage of Irradiance maps is based on the number of samples, so you can lower the Min/Max value and use the loose threshold values (higher Color threshold, higher Normal threshold, lower Distance threshold).For example, the memory usage of photon maps is based on the number of photosns, which can reduce the Diffuse subdivs of V-Ray material or increase the maximum Max. density. 55. Decrease the trace depth as much as possible. 56. Even if V-Ray's VFB (Visual frame buffer) is selected, MAX's VFB will still be colored, taking up extra RAM. You can turn off the "GET RESULOTION FROM MAX" option and set the MAX output resolution to 100×100. Set the correct resolution of V-Ray VFB. 57. Sometimes it is considered that the rendering settings are slower. If you check the scene carefully, see if there are any unused Polygons, or if there is any useless material in the Polygon? shader editor outside the Camera lens? Affect the speed of Render. 58. Sometimes the model in AutoCad is far from the coordinate center, and we call it in max, but render is very long, you can move this model to the coordinate center [0,0,0] position in AutoCad. 59. Avoid overlapping models, so you must raise the render setting to remove spots or blemishes. 60. It takes a lot of time to calculate a large image, so you can use a similar Super Render to split the block rendering. 61. Do not increase the Reflection/refraction value in V-Ray Global swithces, about 2~3 to meet most of the requirements. 62. The REFLECT ON BACKSIDE parameter can be turned off in the Option option of the V-Ray material. 63. If you spend a lot of time to render a flat and ungraded result, and similar to the contour map, you can check the Use interpolation in the reflection in the shader, and then adjust the reflect interpolation min/max = -3 in the Reflection volume.64. Avoid using the Bump map with the glossiness of the check-in interpolation, which will produce a lot of impurities. 65. If you render 3600pixel and other large images, you can only count small sheets, such as 1600 or 2200, then use the PS/PP profit filter, or zoom in ssplinepro, unless the laser output, no one will notice. 66. Irradiance map with light cache can meet most of the rendering quality requirements. 67. After determining the GI solution (such as Irradiance + light cache), the setting of image sampling and antialiasing becomes extremely important. 68. The HSph. subdivs of Irradiance maps are adjusted upwards from 20 until the impurities are removed. Generally, good results can be obtained between 20 and 50. 69. The default min/max=1 of the Adaptive QMC sampler; 4 is only used for testing, min/max=3; 6 meets most high quality requirements, and the best between min and max should not exceed 2 or 3. 70. When Light Cache's Subdivs value is used for testing purposes, 100 is used for large scenes; 250 is used for small scenes or indoor scenes. When used as product output, multiply by 10, 1000 for large scenes; 2500 for small scenes or Indoor scenes (more details). In actual rendering, adjust according to the current environment. 71. Avoid using the DOF of the physical camera, you can use other plugins instead. 72. After all, using a render farm can make the works more realistic, most useful in time-saving and money saving.
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2019-05-24
How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene
How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene
Hi, this is Cassie from the best cloud render farm and fast cloud rendering services provider, Fox Renderfarm. This time, I will share with you an article about how to use 3ds Max to make a game environmental scene.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene Observe and analyze the original painting and asset allocationThis is a case of the PBR process, specifically used 3ds Max to complete the low-poly model, ZBrush to complete the high-poly model sculpting, V-Ray rendering during the high-poly model, Substance Painter, Photoshop to complete the texture production, and finally using UE4 rendering.In order to ensure that everyone can match the model proportions after the division of labour. In the early stage, the rough model was constructed based on the original painting and used as a reference for proportion. We divide the modeling work into three parts according to the overall situation, including house, props and environment construction.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene Making of Mid-poly modelHouse: As the main body of the scene, the time-consuming experience is naturally the most. I divide the house into three parts: roof, wall and floor.Props: The props of the scene include a three-faced Buddha, stone lamps, wood carvings in the house, etc. There are not too many types of props, but they basically require ZBrush carving and production.Environment: The main part in charge is the stone steps at the door, the green plants at the door, the mountain behind the house, the spider webs in the house, etc. My requirement is to find the available materials according to my needs.The production process of the mid-poly model is to continuously refine on the basis of the rough model, adding more details, and try to use the loop line as the main wiring in the wiring, mainly to facilitate the card line in the later high mold stage. When making a mid-poly model, you must not forget the relationship between a single part and the whole, and the ratio is constantly adjusted and optimized. Because I made the house model separately, I need to compare before I refine it, otherwise, it will be a big disaster for the proportion in the later stage.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneThe high-poly model production process is relatively smooth, and everyone is doing their own work step by step. Because the proportions are the most basic before, it is relatively easy to adjust the scene.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneHouse sculpting Because the whole house is made up of boxes, the mid-poly model is relatively simple. Its highlight is the high-poly model sculpting. To restore the original flavor of the ancient architecture, there are more places to carve. Because the style of the overall scene is rather dilapidated, my idea of sculpting is to try to ensure the hardness of the wooden structure and make it old with more surface details. Due to lack of experience, the sculpting was relatively slow at the beginning, and some patterns could not be restored. The method used for sculpting many details may not be correct. After many attempts, a lot of time was wasted; in the end, I found a way to use grayscale images, which saved a lot of time. First find a suitable grayscale image, which is conducive to mask generation in ZBrush.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneProp sculpting I also need to hand in homework in the high-poly model stage! Because the scene models are all high-poly models during rendering, and in order to ensure the rendering effect, it was decided to copy and place the recurring models of flowers and plants. Use VRAY to render directly in 3ds Max. But I didn't expect it to be that simple. The two pictures were rendered on two computers for more than four hours.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene Making of Low-poly ModelFor those early stages, the topology production of a low-poly model is actually more like a test of operating specifications and file sorting, which is mainly obtained by using the previous mid-model addition and subtraction lines. The human headstone lamp and statue in the scene used Topogun. Low-poly model topology is simple but patient work. There are two ideas,1. Simply use editing and adjustment tools, and patiently realize the silhouette and structure. 2. Use the automatic topology tool, and then manually adjust the wiring slightly. Low-mode production wiring requirements are more stringent, the wiring is as simple as possible, in line with the wiring principle, but without losing the structure.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneThere are not many difficulties encountered in the low-poly model topology stage. The difficulty lies in the development of UV and texture distribution. After the entire low-poly model is finished, it is time to show the UV. Before the UV is displayed, the smooth group needs to be distinguished, and then the UV is exploded according to the smooth group, and then find the place that needs to be disconnected again and cut it. A good seam problem, because if the seams are too obvious or too broken, there will be many flaws in the post-production of the texture. After all, you haven't collaborated on the production of scenes before, so they are relatively unfamiliar with the unification of checkerboards and the allocation of texture resources.Finally, I used 1m³/256 pixels as the standard to make textures, and the house was divided into more than 30 textures. When I first divided the shader, I was divided into a circle; secondly, although there is an automatic placement to adjust the size of the checkerboard to just right, it is still necessary to check carefully. UV is a normal job; it is easy because it is moderately good. A minor error occurred, so that rework was needed to adjust the UV later.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneThe next step is to bake the normals and other textures. I need to match the high-poly and low-poly models in 3ds Max. The edge silhouettes must be carefully matched and overlapped. Then the high and low-poly models of the same part are named and matched, and then the normals are baked in SP. I use Substance Painter to name the baking method for baking. In order to get a better normal map, I will bake an average normal and a vertical normal, and then retain the inner part of the vertical normal and the edge part of the average normal in PS. Although I have been careful in the early stage, some of the baked normals will still have problems. Most of them are due to the wrapper problem, but some need to be manually changed. The modification needs to export the UV selection in 3ds Max, and then go to Select the area in PS to modify the normal of the problem.For the distinction between different materials, I still use the method of making ID maps. For the part of the model of different materials, I use different colored shaders to distinguish MaterialsAs a next-generation realistic style work, the material is actually good. However, some special experiences can be summed up in scene cooperation. For example, the material of some props can actually be packaged into a shader and used directly on another prop of the same material. In addition, in order to ensure the harmony and unity of the final results, communication among the team is extremely important, and you must not do it alone. When making materials, our plan is to do the volume first and then the details. After all, after the volume comes out, adding details will make the effect easier. First of all, I first separate out a few materials and create a few large layer groups to make selections. One point worth noting here is the occlusion and dirt relationship between objects. When the material is almost the same, I will sharpen the top edge to make the details more obvious, that is, create a new layer and add a sharpening filter, and change the overlay method to pass through.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene RenderingFirst of all, the file organization must be done well, otherwise, it will be messy when rendering the textures and the work cannot be carried out. Qualified file organization can make the rendering work twice the result with half the effort, and it will be more convenient if you want to replace the textures later.!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental Scene!How to Use 3ds Max to Make a Game Environmental SceneFox Renderfarm hopes it will be of some help to you. It is well known that Fox Renderfarm is an excellent cloud rendering services provider in the CG world, so if you need to find a render farm for 3ds Max, why not try Fox Renderfarm, which is offering a free $25 trial for new users? Thanks for reading!
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2021-09-24
Using V-Ray For 3ds Max To Create A Real Grass Field
Using V-Ray For 3ds Max To Create A Real Grass Field
The fast cloud rendering services provider and GPU&CPU render farm, Fox Renderfarm will share with you a 3D tutorial. In this project, we will learn to use V-Ray for 3ds Max to create a real grass field.Grass field is an important element of natural landscape scenes, so how can we make natural and real grass field in the simplest way? Contrast the two pictures as below, it is not difficult to find that when we are making grass for renderings, the perspective can be realized by texture mapping, and the close-up needs solid model to create a sense of reality. Of course, 3ds Max's own hair system can be used to make close-up grass field model and large area of wildflower model. The main software used is 3ds Max and V-Ray, PS. 1. Grass Leaf ModelingFirst, a separate grass is to be made, we take a kinds of grass as a reference for model making. After creating the patch, we edit the polygon, continue to segment, and slowly adjust the shape of the grass. Establish the segment number planeAdjust the stem shape of the grassContinue the segmentation number to facilitate the bending deformation. The shape adjustment of the leaf is completed Only affect the axis measurement, center to the object, move to the bottom of the grass, rotate the direction of the axis, in order to prepare the bending command Use the bending command to adjust Copy a few grasses, using different bending methods and twisting operations. Since the growth law of the grass is relatively random, we try to adjust the different curvature and the size of the grass. The model of the blade is made, so that it is convenient to draw the grass for a while. 2. Make the Texture of Grass Leaf Next, we made the texture of the grass in photoshop, created a 1000X111 size image, then used a piece of grass material as the texture, buckled the part of the blade, dragged it into the image we created, try to ps into what we want The color and texture of the foliar texture. Below we use unwrap UVW to expand the model UV and then map the blade model. Then copy the model and make some edits to the copy model to make them look different. 3. Advanced DrawingBelow we draw a circle as a reference ground and then convert it into an editable polygon. Use the plugin advpainter_1.5.1, which is a special object for making random placements, such as flowers and plants, hair, etc. Add the grass you just made to the plugin, make some numerical adjustments, and then draw. Click on Paint to draw, then we have to select the ring we just created, and it is easy to draw a piece of grass like a ps brush. In order to avoid taking up too many points, we can edit the polygons, then export the v-ray grid and save the file. 4. Fast Terrain Create a new scene and quickly create a terrain. After the plane is edited to the editable polygon, the deformation is drawn, and then the terrain is given a soil material, and the haystack model just created is imported. Now we are starting to use the Multiscatter tool to grow grass. This plugin can quickly create large patches of grass or forest. Now combine all the objects into a default object, then redistribute the inside to pick up the ground. Add the two v-ray meshes we just prepared to export the object. Set the number of distributions, set the two hay objects to different shapes, and assign different colors. The way the dots are displayed and the inherent colors of the objects will make the whole scene display clearer. So we will arrange the grass, you can try different values to see the effect. 5. Scene Test The v-ray physical camera and vraysun are used to adjust and test the scene. For the close-up part, we need to locally strengthen the ground to make the grass and the ground more integrated. When using the Multiscatter tool to grow grass, if the terrain is too large, you can use the boundary linear cutting tool to reduce the area of the grass distribution and display only the parts that the camera can see. This form is very practical for handling large scenes.Fox Renderfarm hopes it will be of some help to you. It is well known that Fox Renderfarm is an excellent cloud rendering services provider in the CG world, so if you need to find a render farm, why not try Fox Renderfarm, which is offering a free $25 trial for new users? Thanks for reading!
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2019-06-28
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